Ankle & Foot Pain

 

Peripheral Neuropathy Relief in the Feet & Legs

Peripheral neuropathy is basically when you have damage to your peripheral nerves from either a trauma or disease. This can cause your hands and/or feet become numb and tingly. I'll focus on the feet/legs for this video.

Peripheral neuropathy can be caused from diabetes, medications, or even chemotherapy, as well as many other things. Having good flexibility and strength in these areas will help.

The first stretch will be a calf stretch. Sit on the ground with your legs straight out in front of you. You can bend the leg you are not stretching towards you. Put a belt, towel, or dog leash around the ball of your foot. Keep your back and knee straight, and relax your ankle. Pull your foot towards you with the strap until you feel a stretch. Hold this for 30 seconds, and do it three times on each side.

Next are ankle pumps. With your legs straight out in front of you, place a roll just under your ankle so your heel can move freely. Trying to keep your leg straight and moving only at your ankle, pull your foot up towards you, and then push it down like you are pushing on a peddle. Then you will do ankle circles. Again, try not to move your whole leg. Keep the movement at the ankle. Do ten one direction, and then reverse it and do ten the other direction.

Now you will do a simple straight leg raise (SLR). You want to squeeze your muscles tight to lock out the knee and pull your toes towards your head to keep the whole leg straight. This will work your hip flexor muscles when you lift your leg off the ground. Use slow controlled movements to make sure you are using the muscles and not momentum. Start off with ten, and work your way up.

Then, you are going to lie on your side. The top leg is going to stay straight and pull your toes up towards you. Keep your body in a straight line as well. This is going to work your hip abductor muscles. Then you are going to work the bottom leg working your hip adductor muscles. Same as above, keep the leg straight. Start with ten of each of these, and do both sides.

In standing, you will do a heel/toe raise off the ground. Stand with your feet about shoulder width apart, come up on your toes as high as you can. Try not to lean forward, but bring your body straight up and slowly come back down. Push off as much as you can so your heel leaves the ground. Then lift your toes off the ground, alternating back and forth. Start off with ten and work your way up to 20-25.

The last exercise will be a balance series. Stand on one foot, but hold onto something sturdy. Try to balance for 30 seconds to a minute. When that becomes easy, just use one finger one each side. Then just one finger for balance, and finally try balancing without holding on at all.

Related Videos:

Calf Exercises for Strengthening

3 Best Stretches for Knee Pain

Balance Exercises for Fall Prevention

These balance exercises for fall prevention have a lot to do with the strength of your hips and ankles. When they are weak and not flexible, we are at a higher risk of falling.

These stretches and exercises should help with balance and fall prevention.

The first stretch is a calf stretch. You can check out the calf stretching video for several other ways to stretch. You want to lean against a wall or something sturdy. Place the foot you want to stretch behind you. Make sure to keep your heel down and your toes forward pointing towards the wall. With the other foot in front of you, like you are in a lunge position, bend your knee towards the wall until you feel a stretch through your back leg. Try to keep your back leg as straight as possible. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds, and do it three times. 

Next you will balance on one foot. Try to look at something straight in front of you, and try not to look down at your feet. Start off with 10-15 seconds, and do it three times on each leg. The next standing balance exercise is tandem stance. This is with one foot directly in front of the other like you are standing on a tight rope. If that is easy, move your head from side to side, and up and down. If you feel really good, try closing your eyes. Make sure to switch your feet.

Finally, you will do heel raises. Stand with your feet about shoulder width apart, come up on your toes as high as you can. Try not to lean forward, but bring your body straight up and slowly come back down. Push off as much as you can so your heel leaves the ground. Start off with ten and work your way up to 20-25. If that becomes easy, you can do one leg at a time.

Related Videos:

Improve Your Balance with Simple Exercises

Balance & Coordination Exercises

Ankle Fracture Stretches & Exercises

These ankle fracture stretches and exercises should only be done after your broken ankle has healed, and you are cleared by your doctor to start physical therapy.

Click here to purchase some loop bands like the ones I use in the video. (Note: King Athletic no longer makes loop bands, but these are very similar.)

Often after an ankle fracture, your ankle becomes very stiff and weak. These stretches and exercises should help. 

The first stretch will be a calf stretch. Start off with your legs out in front of you. You can bend up the leg you aren’t using towards you in a comfortable position. Keep the leg you want to stretch out in front of you. Take a stretch strap, dog leash, belt, or towel and wrap it around the ball of your foot. Relax your foot, and pull the strap towards you stretching your calf muscle. You should feel the stretch under your leg. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds, and do three of them.

Now prop your ankle up on a roll or hang your foot off the bed or table so your heel doesn't touch the floor. Put the band around the ball of your foot for good resistance. First, push your foot down and up. This is called ankle plantarflexion. Next you want to wrap the band around your other foot. This time you will have resistance pulling out. This is ankle eversion.Now cross your foot over the foot with the band as seen in the video, and pull your foot inward. This is ankle inversion. 

The next exercise will be standing up. You want to lean against a wall or something sturdy. Place the foot you want to stretch behind you. Make sure to keep your heel down and your toes forward pointing towards the wall. With the other foot in front of you, like you are in a lunge position, bend your knee towards the wall until you feel a stretch through your back leg. Try to keep your back leg as straight as possible. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds, and do it three times. Then you will bend your back knee, and do the same stretch. This is to stretch the Soleus muscle which is underneath your gastroc. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds, and do it three times.

Now is a heel raise off the ground. Stand with your feet about shoulder width apart, come up on your toes as high as you can. Try not to lean forward, but bring your body straight up and slowly come back down. Push off as much as you can so your heel leaves the ground. Start off with ten and work your way up to 20-25. If this becomes easy, then you can do one foot at a time.

The last exercise will be a balance series. Stand on one foot, but hold onto something sturdy. Try to balance for 30 seconds to a minute. When that becomes easy, just use one finger one each side. Then just one finger for balance, and finally try balancing without holding on at all.

Related Videos:

Ankle Strengthening Exercises & Stretches

Sprained Ankle Treatment

PRODUCT PLACEMENT DISCLAIMER: This video represents the honest opinions of Doctor Jo. Thank you to King Athletic for providing Doctor Jo with free loop bands to use.

Turf Toe Stretches & Exercises

Turf toe is basically when you sprain the ligaments of your big toe joint. This happens a lot with football and soccer players who play on turf. These stretches and exercises should help the ligaments heal.

The first sequence takes a lot of coordination and concentration. Sit on floor with your legs straight out in front of you. Flex your foot upward, towards your face, and curl your toes in at the same time. Then point your foot downward, and bring your toes up at the same time. The sequence is foot up, toes down, foot down, toes up. Start off with 5-10 of these.

Next you will put a towel on the floor. You can stretch your toes by placing your foot on the towel. Leave your heel on the floor holding the towel in place, and pull the towel up and over your toes until you feel a stretch. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds, and do it three times. Then try to crumple the towel with your toes. Start with 30 seconds and work your way up to a minute.

Now you will take resistive band and place it around your big toe for toe flexion exercises. Try to control the movement curling your big toe down, if it is too hard, put some slack on the band, or try it without a band. Start with 10 and work your way up to 20-25. If it becomes easy, you can go to a harder resistive band.

With your foot flat on the ground, you are going to do some arch exercises. Start off with the foot completely flat with your weight on your heel and toes. Roll your foot outwards lifting at your arch, but try to keep your heel and toes on the ground.

Then take a ball, it can be a tennis ball, lacrosse ball, etc., and roll it around the bottom of your foot and toes. Finally, prop your foot up on your heel, so your toes can move freely, and fan time out and in.

Related Videos:

Stop Toe Cramps & Foot Cramps

Achilles Tendon Stretches

Posterior Tibial Tendonitis Stretches & Exercises

Posterior tibial tendonitis can be very painful and make the foot unstable. These stretches and exercises should be able to help if your posterior tibial tendon becomes inflamed or torn.

The posterior tibial tendon can cause a lot of problems in the foot and ankle. It provides support and stability to the foot. It runs on the inside of the leg and foot, and it is the main muscle for inversion, or pulling your foot inwards.

Start off with propping your ankle up on a roll or hang your foot off the bed or table so your heel doesn't touch the floor. Put the band around the ball of your foot for good resistance. First, push your foot down and up. This is called ankle plantarflexion. Now you want to wrap the band around your other foot. This time you will have resistance pulling out. This is ankle eversion. Next you are going to cross your foot over the foot with the band as seen in the video, and pull your foot inward. This is ankle inversion. Try not to move the whole leg with these exercises. Just move at the ankle.

Now you are going to do some simple toe walking. Lift your heels off the ground and walk on your toes. Try to do this for 30 seconds, and work your way up to a minute. If you need to take a break in between, you can.

The next exercise will be a balance series. Stand on one foot, but hold onto something sturdy. Try to balance for 30 seconds to a minute. When that becomes easy, just use one finger one each side. Then just one finger for balance, and finally try balancing without holding on at all.

Finally, you will do a stretch. The stretch is similar to a soleus stretch. So you will start off leaning against something sturdy. Put the leg you want to stretch back into a lunge position. Keeping both feet facing forward, bend your front knee, and then keeping your back heel down bend your back knee. The final step to this stretch is to bend the knee inward toward your other knee to get the posterior tibialis stretch. Hold this stretch for 30 seconds, and repeat 3 times.

Related Videos:

Ankle Strengthening Exercises & Stretches

Lateral Sprained Ankle Stretches & Exercises

Pages


 


DISCLAIMER: The videos, posts and comments contained on this website are not medical advice or a treatment plan and are intended for general education and demonstration purposes only. They should not be used to self-diagnose or self-treat any health, medical, or physical condition. Don’t use this website to avoid going to your own healthcare professional or to replace the advice they give you. Consult with your healthcare professional before doing anything contained on this website. You agree to indemnify and hold harmless Ask Doctor Jo, LLC and its officers for any and all losses, injuries, or damages resulting from any and all claims that arise from your use or misuse of this website’s content. Ask Doctor Jo, LLC makes no representations about the accuracy or suitability of this content. Use of this website is at your sole risk. 

AFFILIATE LINK DISCLAIMER: This site contains Amazon.com affiliate links to purchase various products. If you purchase a product via these links, Ask Doctor Jo, LLC will receive a commission.