Hi, I'm Doctor Jo, a licensed Physical Therapist and Doctor of Physical Therapy. I hope you enjoy my video demos of stretches & exercises for common injuries and syndromes. If you have a question, just ask! Be safe. Have fun. And I hope you feel better soon.

10 Best Knee Arthritis Exercises for Pain Relief

 

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These knee arthritis exercises help the knees become stronger which can help with knee arthritis pain. They might be hard or painful in the beginning, but the stronger you get, the less pain you should have.

The first exercise is a quad set. This helps strengthen the quadriceps muscles in an isometric way. Next is a bridge. Bridging helps strengthen the hamstrings, glutes, and low back. Then you have hip abduction and hip adduction that work the outer and inner muscles.

Straight leg raises (SLR) and clamshell exercises are often thought more of hip exercises, but they are great for the knee as well. 

Now sitting in a chair, you will do hip flexion and knee extension or long arch quads (LAQ). These are also easy to do if you work at a desk all day.

Finally, standing up, you have heel/toe raises and mini squats. These will not only help with knee arthritis pain, but they will also help with balance and gait.

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5 Best Cervical Stenosis Exercises & Stretches

Cervical stenosis, or spinal stenosis of the neck, is a common cause of neck pain. Basically it's a narrowing of the spinal canal in the neck area or upper part of the spine.

Cervical stenosis puts pressure on the spinal cord or the nerves in the neck causing neck pain.

The first set of exercises for cervical stenosis will combine isometrics with active range of motion (AROM). Isometric exercises are a great way to activate the muscles without movement. This will also help with relaxing the muscles to get more movement, so adding the AROM afterwards really helps gain motion.

Next are chin tucks. These are one of my favorite exercises/stretches for neck and shoulder pain. They also help with posture to “reset” the neck muscles, and decrease painful spasms.

Finally you will do full stretches of the upper traps, levator scapulae, and anterior scalenes. All these muscles around the neck are very important in proper movement. Also, when they are tight, they can cause a lot of pressure on the cervical spine.

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7 Best Frozen Shoulder Exercises & Stretches

Frozen shoulder, or adhesive capsulitis, is a condition that causes stiffness and pain in your shoulder joint from adhesion build up. These stretches & exercises should help relieve frozen should pain.

For a frozen shoulder, signs and symptoms typically begin gradually, worsen over time and then resolve, usually within one to three years. Stretches and exercises can help speed up the recovery time.

First, using a pulley to help get your motion passively, can be very helpful. Since you are able to completely relax for the stretch, you can often get more motion.

The next stretches are called pendulums. For a frozen shoulder, using a small weight in your hand helps open up the shoulder joint. You can also rock front to back and side to side. It’s a great way to relax all your shoulder muscles.

A scapular or shoulder squeeze will help open up your chest area, and also strengthen your upper back muscles. You can add a resistive band by doing rows. Make sure you add the squeeze at the end.

One of the toughest motions is internal rotation behind your back. Using a towel to stretch, will get you much more motion.

If you have a Swiss (or stability) ball, using it to roll out your arm will not only stretch out your shoulder, but it can also work the stability of your shoulder. You can also do these slides on a table or counter top.

The last stretch is a shoulder flexion stretch using the ground for assistance. Get on the ground and sit on your feet in a child’s pose position. If you can’t get on the ground or your knees hurt too much to bend them, you can slide your arm on a table or countertop. You will slide your arm forward with your thumb facing upward towards the ceiling and lean your body forward until you feel a stretch.

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10 Best Knee Arthritis Stretches

These knee arthritis stretches will help stretch out the muscles above and below the knee joint to help relieve knee pain from arthritis.

The first few knee arthritis stretches are for the calf, which crosses the knee joint, stretching the joint itself with a heel slide, and stretching the quad. Since the quad tendon is connected to the patella (kneecap), it is very important to stretch.

The next knee stretches are the hamstring and IT band stretch. Both these cross the knee joint, so when they are tight, they can put a lot of pressure on the joint causing pain.

Then there is the piriformis/gluteus stretch, groin stretch, and hip flexor stretch. Although most of these muscles don’t actually cross the knee joint, they have a lot to do with how it works, and they help keep the hip flexible as well. This all will help relieve the knee arthritis pain.

The last two stretches for knee arthritis are standing up. For the adductor muscles, some do cross the knee joint, but others will put pressure on the knee joint if they are tight. And finally, the anterior tibialis muscles have a lot to do with pulling our toes up when we walk. So if the knee is not working how it’s suppose to, these muscles can get overworked and very tight.

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7 Best Pelvic Stabilization Exercises (Advanced)

Pelvic stabilization exercises are a great way to help strengthen the hips, pelvis, and general core area. These should also help for things like SI joint dysfunction, leg length discrepancies, and other pelvic issues.

If you’ve already mastered the beginner pelvic stabilization exercises and moderate pelvic stabilization exercises, these are a great next step. Some of exercises are similar, but adding another component to make it a little harder.

The first three are going to be an advanced clamshell with a bigger range of motion, a side plank leg lift also with a bigger range, and a side plank with a hip drop. These are great for your gluteus medius muscles and core muscles, as well as your hip rotators.

The next few exercises use a Swiss ball or therapy/stability ball and a stability disc. The ball adds a balance component which makes the smaller muscles work much harder as well as your core and glutes.

Finally there is the single leg squat. This time, try to put your other foot out in front of you instead of behind you. This will help keep your pelvis and hips in alignment while doing the exercise.

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