Knee & Leg Pain

Hi, I'm Doctor Jo, a licensed Physical Therapist and Doctor of Physical Therapy. I hope you enjoy my video demos of stretches & exercises for common injuries and syndromes. If you have a question, just ask. Be safe. Have fun. And I hope you feel better soon.

Ice Massage for Tendonitis or Bursitis

If you've been diagnosed with tendonitis or bursitis, here's how an ice massage can be a great way to help reduce the inflammation. Remember to only perform an ice massage for about 6 minutes to prevent damage to the skin.

Tendonitis and bursitis can be very irritating and painful. When a tendon becomes irritated and inflamed, it is called tendonitis. The bursa is a fluid filled sac that protects the bony parts of our body. Usually they are thin and slide smoothly, but when they get irritated and inflamed they swell up and can be very painful. This is called bursitis. One way to help calm these down is using an ice massage.

This video shows you how to use direct ice on the area of irritation to clam it down. You do not want to do an ice massage for more than 6-8 minutes so the ice doesn't irritate the skin. You will start off with a circular motion gently around the area. It will sting, burn, and then go numb. Once the area goes numb, you can push a little harder and massage the area. This can be done several times a day.

Top 3 Knee Stretches

Sometimes you will feel or hear a popping, cracking, or clicking in your knee. This often is from osteoarthritis (OA). When you don't have a lot of time to stretch out your knees, you have to pick the most important stretches. This video shows you the top 3 knee stretches. There are three main muscle groups that cross the knee, and it is important to cover each of these.

The first stretch is for the hamstrings. There are many ways to stretch them, and you can check out the hamstring stretches video for other ways to stretch them. The most important part of this stretch is to keep your back straight. Many people try to curl their backs to be able to touch their toes. Your hamstrings are attached to what is called the ischial tuberosity, or your butt bone. So if you bend at your back, you are not going to get a good hamstring stretch. Try to bend at your hips.

The second stretch is for your calf muscle, or gastrocnemius muscle. Keep your leg straight, and now take the belt or leash and place it on the ball of your foot. Relax your leg and then pull your foot towards you. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds, 3 times. 

The third and last stretch will be on your stomach in prone. This will stretch your quadriceps muscle. Take a belt or dog leash and wrap around your foot/ankle. Take the strap and gently pull your foot towards your buttocks until you feel a stretch. Hold for 30 seconds and do it 3 times.

 

Groin Stretches

When you pull a groin, it can be very painful. You can have a strain or sprain in your inner thigh muscles. Here are some simple stretches to get your groin sprain or strain feeling better.

The first stretch is a simple butterfly stretch. Sit on the ground, and put your feet together pulling them towards your body. If you need more of a stretch, you can place your elbows on your inner thighs, and apply gentle pressure downwards. Hold the stretches for 30 seconds, doing 3 of each set. Next, you are going to sit up on your knees in a tall kneeling position. Bring your good leg out in front of you at a 45-degree angle and the lean forward. If that is not enough stretch, you can lean out to the side over your knee. The last stretch is a standing lunge at a 45-degree angle. Point your toes in the direction you are going, and then lean your knee towards your toes. 

 

Patellofemoral Syndrome Exercises

Buy the Patellofemoral Syndrome WorksheetHere are some quick and easy exercises you can do if you have been diagnosed with Patellofemoral syndrome

Patellofemoral Syndrome occurs when the patella, or kneecap is not tracking properly on the femur, or thigh bone. Runners commonly get this, and it can literally stop them in their tracks. Many times this is caused by weakness in the inner thigh muscles and tightness in the outer thigh muscles, or IT band. The first exercise is going to be a simple straight leg raise (SLR). You want to squeeze your muscles tight to lock out the knee and pull your toes towards your head to keep the whole leg straight. This will work your hip flexor muscles when you lift your leg off the ground. Use slow controlled movements to make sure you are using the muscles and not momentum. Start off with ten, and work your way up.

Next, you are going to lie on your side. The top leg is going to stay straight and pull your toes up towards you. Keep your body in a straight line as well. This is going to work your hip abductor muscles. Then you are going to work the bottom leg working your hip adductor muscles. Same as above, keep the leg straight. The last one of the 4 way hip is going to be on your stomach, and this works your hip extensors. 

Now you are going to work your vastus medialis obliquus (VMO), which is a very important muscle for tracking your patella. You are going to lie on your back again, and perform a SLR, but this time, turn your foot out to the side, or external rotation. Perform they same as you would a SLR. The last stretch is for the IT band. You can check out the IT band stretches video for more in depth stretching. Shown here is one of the many stretches you can do for your IT band. Turn onto your side with the injured leg on top. Pick up your leg and pull it back behind you. Then slowly drop your leg behind you and let it stretch.

 

Pages


DISCLAIMER: The videos, posts and comments contained on this website are not medical advice or a treatment plan and are intended for general education and demonstration purposes only. They should not be used to self-diagnose or self-treat any health, medical, or physical condition. Don’t use this website to avoid going to your own healthcare professional or to replace the advice they give you. Consult with your healthcare professional before doing anything contained on this website. You agree to indemnify and hold harmless Ask Doctor Jo, LLC, its officers, employees, and contractors for any and all losses, injuries, or damages resulting from any and all claims that arise from your use or misuse of this website’s content. Ask Doctor Jo, LLC makes no representations about the accuracy or suitability of this content. Use of this website is at your sole risk. 

AFFILIATE LINK DISCLAIMER: This site contains affiliate links and ads to purchase various products. When you click on links and ads to various merchants on this site and make a purchase, this can result in this site earning a commission. Affiliate programs and affiliations include, but are not limited to, the Amazon Associate Program.