The Hawkins Kennedy Test is used to determine a possible shoulder or subacromial impingement. This test can yield false positives & false negatives, so use it as one of many diagnostic tests.

The Hawkins Kennedy Test is performed by placing the patient’s shoulder in 90 degrees of flexion with the elbow in 90 degrees of flexion. Then you internally rotate the arm. A positive test is pain with internal rotation.

However, pain can also occur if a patient has a rotator cuff tear, labral tear, or other issues of the shoulder including bursitis and tendonitis.

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