Shoulder passive range of motion (PROM) stretches are to get movement in your shoulder without activating your muscles. This can be used whe it’s too painful to actively move, or when you’ve had a surgery and you are on precautions to not actively move your arm.
Make sure you know which ones you are allowed to do because in some surgeries, you are only suppose to move it a certain amount, even passively.
The first set of movements are Pendulums. These are a great way to get the shoulder and muscles warmed up. They open up the shoulder joint, and usually feel really good when you are having pain. The first one is Pendulum circles, then side to side, and finally front to back.
Next, you will use a pulley system to get that passive range of motion. These are some of my favorites. You can either buy one, or make one at home. The movements are flexion, abduction, internal rotation, and external rotation.
Then you can use a PVC pipe, stick, or cane for passive range of motion. This one is a little harder to make passive, but it will give your shoulder a great stretch. The stretches with this are flexion, abduction, and external rotation.
Make sure if you’ve had a surgery, you are clearing these with your doctor or physical therapist.